Chistova, Elena Vitalyevna
Academic degree: PhD in Economics
Academic rank:
Country: Russia
City: Ekaterinburg
Workplace: Institute of Economic - Ural Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences
Position: Senior Research Fellow

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Economic Tomography: Opportunity to Foresee and Respond to Socio-Economic Crises
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In the article, the approach based on the authors’ hypothesis is considered: the development of Russia has specific characteristics (on the one hand, its size, mentality and certain closed nature of its economy, on the other hand, the considerable dominating resource and human potential, and, as the result, its real role in the world economic community). The diagnostics of these characteristics (at the level of the individual’s welfare and territory of accommodation) reveals crises, estimates threats to region socio-economic development at early stages and helps to evaluate the state of a region for 3-5 years. In other words, managers have time necessary for rapid response to the crisis phenomena and administrative mistakes, for decreasing the impact of the arising threats. The purpose of the article is to present the theoretical and methodological tools of the appearing threats recognition at their early stages, which allows to enter the crisis period with smaller losses. Computational experiments to classify the prior socio-economic crises have been conducted (9 possible options are considered), the trajectories of change of the main indicators of the individual’s welfare and territory of residence influenced by various factors are digitized. On the basis of the proposed approach (named as the economic tomography), the attempt of the comprehensive assessment of the state of Russian typical representative regions is made.

Welfare And Public Health Of The Population Of Russia: Adaptation To Economic Instability
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In the article, the results of the research of correlation of welfare and public health of the population of Russia in the conditions of economic instability are presented. The review of performance indicators of development of public sentiments of society applied both in Russian and foreign practice is submitted. The concept content of the “social and psychological potential of a region” as an indicator of public health of the population is opened. On the basis of this concept, the potential pattern is created. The evaluation method of social and psychological potential of a region is developed, its main idea is an integrated assessment of both the potential of a region in general and its separate components. The assessment of the condition of potential in territorial subjects of the Russian Federation is given. Character and power of correlation between indicators of welfare and level of social and psychological potential of territorial subjects of the Russian Federation on the basis of development of correlation matrixes are revealed, also, the regional consistent patterns and tendencies are determined.

Modeling of budgetary funding influence on socio-demographic processes of a region
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This paper describes a method of modeling socio-demographic processes in a region based on the minimax approach. In this method, the simulated socio-demographic processes reflect the performance of a population fertility age model, reproductive systems and the structure of mortality, as management impact tools of fiscal spending on socially significant budget items (health, physical culture and sport, social policy, education, environmental protection) are considered. Testing methodology on the examples of the Russian Federation subjects included in the Ural Federal District is presented. Peculiarities of influence of funding of each socially important item on the social and demographic processes in the regions of the Ural Federal District are shown. Priorities of distribution of funds based on the level of budgetary provision in the region to ensure optimization of socio-demographic development of the region are shaped.

Problems and prospects of socially-demographic development of Russian region (on the example of Sverdlovsk region)
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The state and dynamics of change of socio-demographic safety of Sverdlovsk region during 2000−2009 is shown, the most problem spheres of ability to live are marked out. Priority directions and target values of increase of level of socio-demographic safety of Sverdlovsk region for the period till 2020 are defined. Forecasts of indicators of reproduction of population and likelihood forecasts of population of Sverdlovsk region for the period till 2020 under three scenarios are developed. The estimation of expected level of socio-demographic safety of Sverdlovsk region for 2020 with breakdown on blocks is received.

Problems and prospects of socially-demographic development of Russian region (on the example of Sverdlovsk region)
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The state and dynamics of change of socio-demographic safety of Sverdlovsk region during 2000−2009 is shown, the most problem spheres of ability to live are marked out. Priority directions and target values of increase of level of socio-demographic safety of Sverdlovsk region for the period till 2020 are defined. Forecasts of indicators of reproduction of population and likelihood forecasts of population of Sverdlovsk region for the period till 2020 under three scenarios are developed. The estimation of expected level of socio-demographic safety of Sverdlovsk region for 2020 with breakdown on blocks is received.

Interregional differentiation of quality of life in Russia
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Based on the developed methodological system for diagnostics of the quality of life in the region, major socio-economic challenges experienced by Federal Districts and RF Subjects have been analyzed. Considerable differentiation of quality of life in Russia and its influence on the socio-economic development of regions was considered.
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